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Working in Moldova since 2004, Tdh is dedicated to ensuring that Moldovan children are protected from abuse, neglect and exploitation, and benefit from a child protection system which answers their needs.

The context and children’s situation

Moldova in figures:

Area – 33,846 km2

  • Population, 2014 estimate – 3,557,634 (an additional cca. half million people live in the breakaway region of Transnistria – a self-declared and internationally unrecognized part of Moldova).
  • Children (under 18) represent 20% of the Moldovan population (almost 700,000).
  • Almost 58% of entire population and 64% of all children live in villages, where services are fewer and poverty much more common than in the cities
  • 24.2% children live in absolute poverty and 1.9% – in extreme poverty.
  • 21% of households with children have one or both migrant parents (various sources – 20-25%, more than 150,000).
  • Emigrants comprise 17% of the total population residing in Moldova

(Sources: National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, UNICEF, UNDP, Tdh)

The situation of children in the Republic of Moldova is highly influenced by the socio-economic conditions of the country. According to World Bank data, in 2013, the Republic of Moldova ranks 142 of 191 countries by GDP per capita and remains the poorest country in Europe. Labour migration continues to be widespread and worrisome. Poor economic conditions and the lack of future perspectives push many to migrate, most of the times without their children. Marginalization and discrimination (esp. poor children, children with disabilities and Roma), as well as violence and abuse are frequently observed. In addition there is a lack of services for youth. Nevertheless, in recent years, progress has been made in protecting and promoting the rights of the child. Yet, challenges and opportunities to improve the protection system continue to exist.

Tdh intervention

The intervention strategy of Tdh has three main objectives:

  • Children and their parents have increased awareness about the causes and consequences of abuse, neglect and exploitation of children, and professionals in contact with children have increased capacity to prevent abuse, neglect and violence against children on community, district and national levels.
  • Children at risk of, or affected by, abuse, neglect, exploitation are appropriately identified and their needs are responded to by child-friendly and professional multi-sectorial referral system.
  • Unaccompanied children in need of care and protection benefit from improved identification and assistance in key destination countries for Moldovan migrants, their case management takes into account their needs and views, and is guided by a determination of, and the respect for, the best interests of the child, both in destination countries and in Moldova.