in Europe

Child Begging Study-completed


In the recent past there has been increasing attention in many EU Member States and other European countries to the phenomenon of child begging. Whilst a consensus exists among Member States that child begging needs to be addressed, there is little evidence on what is the best policy approach. The phenomenon is considered to be linked to poverty, marginalisation, and to belonging to certain ethnic minorities, but also to organised crime and trafficking in human beings. What is clear is that child begging represents a violation of children's rights and is detrimental to their education, development, health and social inclusion, as well as rendering them vulnerable to abuse. In this context, a number of core questions need to be examined in-depth.
In order to seek sound empirical and evidence-based answers to these and other questions, this study brings together a consortium of expert civil society partners from across Europe, together with a research consultancy, and coordinated by ICMPD in Vienna, in order to provide comprehensive findings to assess the implications of child begging for guaranteeing and implementing child rights within the European Union and beyond. The geographical scope of the project covers 13 EU Member States (Austria, Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) and two Non-EU Member States (Albania and Kosovo).
The research design links international, EU, national and local level approaches. A legislative and policy analysis of the international and EU framework is combined with country-level research and fieldwork in the fifteen sample countries to qualitatively and quantitatively examine policy responses and their implementation in the areas of prevention, protection and prosecution. The study will provide a detailed and universally applicable typology of child begging in Europe. The typology will classify patterns of child begging, impacts on the protection of the children, root causes, group specificities and possible stigmatisation.
Aim of the study:
The aim of the study i to provide the necessary knowledge to support policy makeing in the fields of child protection and the fight against crime.

  • Inventory and analysis of the main policy responses at international, EU, national and local level and of their legislative basis.
  • Set of good practice examples in the field of prevention of child begging, child protection and prosecution of adults responsible.
  • Detailed empirical typology of recurrent child begging situations, composed on the basis of legally and socially relevant features of the phenomenon in particular settings, as well as public perceptions.
  • Composition of a set of policy recommendations for EU action in light of this typology.

Funding: European Commission, DG Home Affairs
Project coordination "International Centre for Migration Policy Development":
Project partners: "ECORYS Nederland BV":, "ECPAT Austria":, "Save the Children Europe Group":, "Salvati Copiii": (Save the Children Romania), "Save the Children Denmark":, "Save the Children Italy":,and "Terres des hommes":