in Europe

Entrusted Children

A study on the legal requirements and procedures concerning the exit and re-entry of Romanian minors in the context of human trafficking: the role of Public Notaries

Cristinel Buzatu | Terre des hommes Delegation in Romania | 50 pages
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The present study seeks to explore whether the affidavit (or notarised permit of parents to 'entrust' their children to another person) plays a role in the fight against trafficking of Romanian children. 

In doing so it firstly describes the scope of the research and the methodology used.
The study then moves on to analyze the general legal and institutional framework around child trafficking and then it seeks to provide an analysis of the scale of child trafficking. This analysis also looks at who the victims is, which children are more vulnerable to child trafficking and who the traffickers are.
Further, the study takes a closer look at the requirements for Romanian children who leave the country with a focus on the affidavit. This section places the affidavit within national legislation, it establishes its legal basis and its content. It also looks at how the affidavit is used and by whom. For a better understanding of the system the study also explores the various perceptions on the affidavit from main actors involved.
The study also encompasses a quantitative analysis of affidavits used in a border crossing and it brings together comparatives elements of how the affidavit is used in other European jurisdictions. In doing so, the research is therefore almost exclusively exploring the external dimensions of child trafficking and does not, or to a much lesser extent, cover aspects relating to internal child trafficking.